טיפול בסרטן באמצעות ניתוח
Analysis of tumors requires testing, usually during the actual surgery, the lymph nodes in the area of the tumor and the healthy tissue condition. Depending on the results, redirected its course of operation; Excision of extra tissue around the tumor or lymph nodes near Shosnno malignant cells.
Usually do not use in analyzing cases of leukemia or when the primary tumor has metastasized to distant organs. Analysis will be done in the following situations:
analysis of diagnostic – surgical procedure during which a biopsy is taken (sample suspected tumor tissue). A biopsy is a way to accurately diagnose the majority of cancers. A biopsy will be examined for microscopic examination and special laboratory tests to diagnose the tumor and its characteristics.
Analysis in order to show (staging) –This analysis is performed to diagnose the extent of the tumor and whether / where to spread. Combined with biopsy, laboratory tests and imaging tests (CT, MRI), surgery helps the doctor / e to determine an appropriate treatment plan and what is the prognosis of the disease (the chances of a cure).
Surgery to remove a tumor – when the tumor is located in a single area, the doctor / God made / e recommend surgery to treat the disease in order to remove all or most of the cancer cells.
Surgery to remove part of the tumor tissue – removal of part of the increase can help other treatments work better. This analysis is performed when removing the entire tumor is not possible without significant damage to other organ. After surgery to remove part of the tumor tissues, recommended further treatment such as chemotherapy, radiation therapy, biological therapy or hormone therapy.
Palliative surgery (supports) –Removal of the tumor or part of the analysis may help reduce symptoms, such as tumor causing pressure on adjacent organs or pain.
Prophylactic surgery – there are cases where surgery is performed to reduce the risk of developing cancer. For example, removal of polyps (polyp is an abnormal growth of tissue) to prevent the development of colorectal cancer. Even women who have a family history of breast cancer or ovarian cancer, or who have mutations in known genes that increase cancer risk (such as genes for breast cancer and ovarian known as BRCA1 and BRCA2) may remove breast or ovarian cancer to reduce the risk of cancer development in these areas in the future.